Bordieu discusses how families invest in their children’s education’s because the relative weight of their cultural capital is greater than their economic capital. Students who have parents who are privileged or are intellectuals attend the best schools, so they get the best social positions, which effectively creates a monopoly on success. Bordieu uses a metaphor of a demon sorting students based on their cultural capital to illustrate how some students are selected to move forward in the education system based on nothing other than their cultural capital. Cultural capital does not determine success in education, but students who have high amounts of cultural capital are selected , thus continuing the pattern of preexisting social differences. Bordieu states that students who receive education at exclusive universities are predestined for success and are comparable to nobility. According to Bordieu, the education system only reinforces privilege instead of allowing people to overcome this “hereditary privilege” through merit.
This picture illustrates how the child of wealthy parents is guaranteed success, not because of his merit, but because his parents can afford the best opportunities for him. A child with similar potential, but less cultural and/or economic capital will be denied the same privileges due to the inequality in our education system.